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Coronavirus reaches Australia: Man is quarantined in Melbourne after testing positive to deadly Chinese disease - as seven others are isolated amid fears more Aussies could be infected

  • A man has been quarantined in Melbourne after contracting coronavirus 

  • The man travelled to Australia alone from Wuhan, via Guangzhou, on January 19

  • He initially showed no symptoms, but eventually became ill when in Melbourne 

  • There is said to be little risk of the man spreading the deadly virus in Melbourne 

  • The Chinese-national is now isolated at Monash Medical Centre in Clayton

  • Five people in NSW are being assessed for potential infection of the deadly strain

  • Over 40 people have died in China, and 1000 have been affected globally 

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Posted in Safety News By WorkSafeGEAR

Statement on the meeting of the International Health Regulations (2005) Emergency Committee regarding the outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)

23 January 2020 
Statement
 
Geneva, Switzerland

The meeting of the Emergency Committee convened by the WHO Director-General under the International Health Regulations (IHR) (2005) regarding the outbreak of novel coronavirus 2019 in the People’s Republic of China, with exportations currently reported in the Republic of Korea, Japan, Thailand and Singapore, took place on Wednesday, 22 January 2020, from 12:00 to 16:30 Geneva time (CEST) and on Thursday, 23 January 2020, from 12:00 to 15:10. The Committee’s role is to give advice to the Director-General, who makes the final decision on the determination of a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). The Committee also provides public health advice or suggests formal temporary recommendations as appropriate.

Proceedings of the meeting

Members and advisors of the Emergency Committee were convened by teleconference.

The Director-General welcomed the Committee and thanked them for their support. He turned the meeting over to the Chair, Professor Didier Houssin.

Professor Houssin also welcomed the Committee and gave the floor to the Secretariat.

On 22 January, representatives of WHO’s legal department and the department of compliance, risk management, and ethics briefed the Committee members on their roles and responsibilities.

Committee members were reminded of their duty of confidentiality and their responsibility to disclose personal, financial, or professional connections that might be seen to constitute a conflict of interest. Each member who was present was surveyed and no conflicts of interest were judged to be relevant to the meeting.

The Chair then reviewed the agenda for the meeting and introduced the presenters.

On 23 January, representatives of the Ministry of Health of the People’s Republic of China, Japan, Thailand and the Republic of Korea updated the committee on the situation in their countries. There have been increased numbers of reported cases in China, with 557 confirmed as of today. 

Conclusions and Advice

On 22 January, the members of the Emergency Committee expressed divergent views on whether this event constitutes a PHEIC or not. At that time, the advice was that the event did not constitute a PHEIC, but the Committee members agreed on the urgency of the situation and suggested that the Committee should be reconvened in a matter of days to examine the situation further.

After the announcement of new containment measures in Wuhan on 22 January, the Director-General asked the Emergency Committee to reconvene on 23 January to study the information provided by Chinese authorities about the most recent epidemiological evolution and the risk-management measures taken.

Chinese authorities presented new epidemiological information that revealed an increase in the number of cases, of suspected cases, of affected provinces, and the proportion of deaths in currently reported cases of 4% (17 of 557). They reported fourth-generation cases in Wuhan and second-generation cases outside Wuhan, as well as some clusters outside Hubei province. They explained that strong containment measures (closure of public-transportation systems are in place in Wuhan City, as well as other nearby cities). After this presentation, the EC was informed about the evolution in Japan, Republic of Korea, and Thailand, and that one new possible case had been identified in Singapore.

The Committee welcomed the efforts made by China to investigate and contain the current outbreak.

The following elements were considered as critical:

Human-to-human transmission is occurring and a preliminary R0 estimate of 1.4-2.5 was presented. Amplification has occurred in one health care facility. Of confirmed cases, 25% are reported to be severe. The source is still unknown (most likely an animal reservoir) and the extent of human-to-human transmission is still not clear. 

Several members considered that it is still too early to declare a PHEIC, given its restrictive and binary nature. 

Based on these divergent views, the EC formulates the following advice:

To WHO

The Committee stands ready to be reconvened in approximately ten days’ time, or earlier should the Director-General deem it necessary.

The Committee urged to support ongoing efforts through a WHO international multidisciplinary mission, including national experts. The mission would review and support efforts to investigate the animal source of the outbreak, the extent of human-to-human transmission, the screening efforts in other provinces of China, the enhancement of surveillance for severe acute respiratory infections in these regions, and to reinforce containment and mitigation measures. A mission would provide information to the international community to aid in understanding of the situation and its potential public health impact.

WHO should continue to provide all necessary technical and operational support to respond to this outbreak, including with its extensive networks of partners and collaborating institutions, to implement a comprehensive risk communication strategy, and to allow for the advancement of research and scientific developments in relation to this novel coronavirus.

In the face of an evolving epidemiological situation and the restrictive binary nature of declaring a PHEIC or not, WHO should consider a more nuanced system, which would allow an intermediate level of alert. Such a system would better reflect the severity of an outbreak, its impact, and the required measures, and would facilitate improved international coordination, including research efforts for developing medical counter measures.

To the People’s Republic of China

  • Provide more information on cross-government risk management measures, including crisis management systems at national, provincial, and city levels, and other domestic measures.
  • Enhance rational public health measures for containment and mitigation of the current outbreak.
  • Enhance surveillance and active case finding across China, particularly during the Chinese New Year celebration.
  • Collaborate with WHO and partners to conduct investigations to understand the epidemiology and the evolution of this outbreak, including specific investigations to understand the source of the novel coronavirus, notably the animal reservoir, and animals involved in the zoonotic transmission, as well as the understanding of its full potential for human-to-human transmission, and where transmission is taking place, the clinical features associated with infection, and the required treatment to reduce morbidity and mortality.
  • Continue to share full data on all cases with WHO, including genome sequences, and details of any health care worker infections or clusters.
  • Conduct exit screening at international airports and ports in the affected provinces, with the aims early detection of symptomatic travelers for further evaluation and treatment, while minimizing interference with international traffic.
  • Encourage screening at domestic airports, railway stations, and long-distance bus stations as necessary.

To other countries

It is expected that further international exportation of cases may appear in any country. Thus, all countries should be prepared for containment, including active surveillance, early detection, isolation and case management, contact tracing and prevention of onward spread of 2019-nCoV infection, and to share full data with WHO.

Countries are required to share information with WHO according to the IHR.

Technical advice is available here.  Countries should place particular emphasis on reducing human infection, prevention of secondary transmission and international spread and contributing to the international response though multi-sectoral communication and collaboration and active participation in increasing knowledge on the virus and the disease, as well as advancing research. Countries should also follow travel advice from WHO.

To the global community

As this is a new coronavirus, and it has been previously shown that similar coronaviruses required substantial efforts for regular information sharing and research, the global community should continue to demonstrate solidarity and cooperation, in compliance with Article 44 of the IHR (2005), in supporting each other on the identification of the source of this new virus, its full potential for human-to-human transmission, preparedness for potential importation of cases, and research for developing necessary treatment.

The Director-General thanked the Committee for its advice.

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Posted in Safety News By World Health Organistion

China confirms some 140 new cases of Sars-like virus ahead of peak travel season

Wednesday, 22 January 2020 7:28:22 am Australia/Perth

KEY POINTS

  • Chinese health authorities confirmed more than 100 cases of a new Sars-like virus on Monday as the country’s peak holiday travel season begins, sparking concerns over spread of the viral strain.
  • While the virus first emerged in the central city of Wuhan in late December, the 139 new cases reported over the weekend in China included cases from capital Beijing in the north of the country, the southern city of Shenzhen. This brings the total to more than 200 confirmed cases.
  • “It’s highly likely we’ll see this virus spread given it appears there’s some form of human-to-human transmission and given the scale of travel in the lead-up to Chinese New Year,” said Alexandra Phelan, faculty research instructor in the microbiology and immunology department at Georgetown University.

Many Chinese people are heading home for the Lunar New Year - with face masks

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Posted in Safety News By WorkSafeGEAR

Does 3M have a P2 or N95 respirator for children in Australia & New Zealand?

Tuesday, 21 January 2020 2:21:38 pm Australia/Perth

3M Tech Update: Children and P2/N95 Respirators

With school holidays nearing the end, parents are questioning what to do with their children when the air quality is still poor.

Does 3M have a P2 or N95 respirator for children in Australia & New Zealand?

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Posted in Safety News Products By 3M Australia

Using P2 Facemasks For Children

Tuesday, 14 January 2020 9:49:51 am Australia/Perth

Given that poor air quality has been present for such a long time and remains a concern, there are new considerations for the effectiveness and use of the P2 facemasks and with school holidays nearing the end, parents are questioning what to do with their children when the air quality is still poor.

ARE THEY SUITABLE FOR CHILDREN?

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Posted in Safety News By Asthma Australia

Heavy smoke and hot conditions in the ACT

Friday, 3 January 2020 5:36:00 pm Australia/Perth

The heavy smoke affecting the ACT is expected to continue while fires continue to burn across the border. During this time, the ACT Health Directorate’s advice remains the same.

**Information last updated on 11 January 2020**

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Posted in Safety News By ACT Health

How to protect myself from bushfire smoke?

Wednesday, 11 December 2019 9:39:01 am Australia/Perth

Should I wear a face mask to protect myself from bushfire smoke?

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Posted in Safety News By WorkSafeGEAR

12 Days of Xmas Savings - Daily Deals

Monday, 9 December 2019 10:49:26 am Australia/Perth

12 Days of Deals and holiday sales on 3M, Petzl, Skylotec, LINQ, IKAR, Spanset, Honeywell, Miller, Ledlenser and more. Check out the top holiday 2019 deals and savings this holiday season starting December 12th until the 24th.

 

Shop All Deals

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Posted in Special Offers By HEIGHTECH Safety

Spanset Gotcha Rescue and Evacuation Kits

Wednesday, 4 December 2019 12:55:22 pm Australia/Perth

It's old. But still relevant today.

The Gotcha™ Original was the first pre assembled remote rescue kit. Designed for rescuing a suspended casualty from fall arrest lanyards, rope safety lines and fall arrest blocks, all possible from a point of safety.

Even with all the recent new technology in rescue kit from different manufacturers, the Spanset Gotcha rescue kit is still relevant today.

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Posted in Products By Spanset Australia

2019 Black Friday Sale starts now

Thursday, 28 November 2019 8:26:57 am Australia/Perth

Black Friday 2019 Sale is now on. So if you’re hoping to score a deal on a new Petzl harness or Skylotec Rescue Pro 2 during this week’s shopping events, we have some good news. In fact, we have a wide range of safety brands that will be discounted up to 50% till Friday 6th of December 2019.

Additional discount applies at checkout using this year coupon code "BLACK".

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Posted in Special Offers By Heightech Safety
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